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Mexico - Traveling

Contents extracted from the comprehensive atlas of international trade by Export Entreprises

Entry requirements

Visa: Visas for foreigners
Diplomatic representations: List of Mexican Embassies

Organizing your trip

Means of transport recommended in town

Traffic circulation in Mexico City is very heavy as well as in the other major cities, especially in the downtown areas.  There is a lot of road work as well.  The use of seat belts is mandatory.
It is recommended to use public transportation, but the conditions of city buses are not too good and these are driven recklessly.
The subway, called Metro, circulates all over the city and it is very inexpensive.
Taxis are available in all major avenues, however, it is better to use authorized taxis (a directory can be found in:  taxis ) which will guarantee a safe ride and rapid access at a fair price.  Currently, there is also a suburban train which connects the main cities in the state of Mexico with the capital (D.F.), and in only 15 minutes travels 20 km.
Maps of urban networks: Maporama

Means of transport recommended in the rest of the country

The bus is the most popular type of transportation to travel around the Mexican territory.  Prices are inexpensive and the conditions are, in general, good.

There are 57 international airports in the country which allow traveling in a short time.  Fifteen companies manage the airlines market.  They offer several itineraries and frequent  flight connections in between the capital and the major cities.  In the last few years, airlines companies called  "low cost" have integrated the market, increasing the use of airplane transportation in the country.  The fares can be high if the reservations are not booked in advance.

Rail companies: Ferromex
Airlines
Name Type Domestic flights International flights
Aeromexico Major Yes Yes
Volaris Low Cost Yes No
Aeromar Major Yes No
Aviacsa Low Cost Yes Yes (Las Vegas)

Traveling by yourself

Recommendation: Roads are asphalted, well kept and functional in most parts of the country.  The toll highways guarantee safety.
International insurances are not valid, therefore it is necessary to obtain auto insurance in Mexico.
In Mexico City, an alternating traffic system has been established in order to fight environmental pollution (it is based on the vehicle plate's number).  Vehicles with a foreign plate cannot circulate on Fridays.
Find an itinerary: Map24

Visiting

Different forms of tourism

Historical: In Mexico City and its surroundings: The Templo Mayor, the historic city center district,& The Museum of Anthropology and History, the pyramids of Teotihuacán, Taxco, Morelia, Tula. In the center of the country: Guanajuato, Guadalajara,San Miguel de Allende, Querétaro In the south of Mexico: Palenque and Chichen Itzá, la Riviera Maya.
Cultural: The Metropolitan Cathedral, Coyoacán, Xochimilco, Craftsmanship in Morelia, Gastronomy in Puebla, Ruta del Tequila en Jalisco, Festival of the Guelaguetza, Oaxaca, Contemporary architecture in Tijuana.
Nature: La Peña de Bernal, Querétaro;; El Chico National Park, Hidalgo; , Michoacán; Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl Volcanoes, The Monarch Butterfly Sanctuary, Michoacán; Ecotourism, Yucatán, Kayak, Veracruz.
Religious: The Metropolitan Cathedral, The Basilica of Oulr Lady of Guadalupe, The Sanctuary of Christ the King, Cerro del Cubilete.
Beach: Mexico has many beaches on the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans' coasts. For further information, visit the website of the Mexican Ministry of Tourism.
Winter sports: No tourist activities have been developed for this type of sport.
Outdoor activities: Diving, camping, canoeing, fishing, surfing... Mexico offers an endless list of activities. Consult the website VISIT MEXICO
Shopping: In the Mexican state capitals, there are shopping centers, markets and stores where one can obtain  folkloric and odd articles.
Tourism organizations: Ministry of Tourism

Living conditions

Health and safety

Health precautions: A certificate of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers aged six months or older if they are arriving from an infected area.
There is a high risk related to the  geographical altitude and air pollution in the Mexico City area.
It is advised not to drink tap water.  Avoid consuming ice creams and sherbets, as well as ice cubes.
In order to prevent gastrointestinal diseases, very common in tourists, it is advised to avoid consuming high risk foods, reheated meals, seafood and fish, undercooked meats and raw vegetables, as well as fruits with their peel.
For further information on sanitary conditions: Enjoy Mexico

Time difference and climate

Map of the time zone: Mexico City (GMT-6 in winter, GMT-5 in summer), Culiacán (GMT-7 in winter, GMT-6 in summer), Tijuana (GMT-8 in winter, GMT-7 in summer)
Summer time period: Summer season is  from April to October.
Climate: Considering that the Mexican territory is very vast, it presents a wide diversity in its climate.
In the north, the weather is extreme and dry ( -20ºC in winter, 45ºC in summer)
In the central zone, the temperature is fair, it can range from 10ºC up to 25ºC during the day.
In the southern area, the weather is humid and tropical with strong precipitations.  The temperature can range in between 16ºC and 45ºC.
The best time to visit the country is from April to June.

Eating

Food specialties: Recognized all over the world for its cultural wealth and its flavor blending,  Mexican cuisine varies as much as the ingredients that compose it.
Some typical dishes are:
-Guacamole: mashed avocados with tomatoes, onions, and chili peppers.
-Mole poblano: chicken and rice covered with a sauce prepared with a variety of  peppers and chocolate.
-Tamales: Corn flour with chicken or vegetables, cooked inside plantain or corn leaves.
Drinks: Typical Mexican alcoholic drinks are tequila, mescal and pulque.
Mexicans usually accompany their  meals with a beer or a "flavored water", based on fruit juice concentrates.
Dietary taboos: There are no dietary restrictions in the country.

Speaking

Getting some knowledge: Use the Spanicity service.
Free translation tools:
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