Mexico - Selling and buying
Reaching the consumers
The concept of mail-order selling and teleshopping is rapidly increasing.
Market access procedures
The country have signed a trade agreement with 21 other countries in the São Paulo Round of the Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP).
For further information, consult the Mexican Trade Agreements.
Mexico is part of the Pacific Alliance.
Origin regulations, allow goods to benefit from reductions of duty taxes (especially for textiles). However these rules have become more rigorous since Mexico signed the North America Free Trade Agreement NAFTA or TLCAN (in Spanish) .
The Annex 401 refers to the origin regulations which is part of the country's national legislation.
You can consult the Tariff information system via Internet.
The agent must present an import requisition (issued by the Ministry of the Economy), as well as a commercial invoice, a bill of lading, an exemption permit, and a certificate establishing the origin of the goods so that the corresponding taxes and duties can be applied.
General import taxes depend on the tariff bracket in which the imported goods are classified, in conformity with the Tariff of the General Import and Export Taxes Law or the Mexican Tax Allowance Table proposed in the free trade treaties. For tax purposes, all Mexican importers must apply and be listed on the “Padrón de Importadores” maintained by the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (Hacienda).
Mexico has developed “Sectoral Promotion Programs” (PROSEC) that aims to reduce or eliminate tariffs on several sectors. The gradual elimination and reduction of import duties will conclude in 2013 and the tariff structure will have six basic rates: 0%, 5%, 7%, 10%, 15% and 20%.
In the case of medical devices and health care products, in addition to complying with applicable standards, foreign manufactured products need to have a legally appointed representative/distributor in Mexico and be registered with the Secretariat of Health.
Organizing goods transport
Maritime international trade goes through the ports of Lazaro Cardenas, Manzanillo, Veracruz, Dos Bocas and Cayo Arcas. All these ports have the infrastructure and equipment to facilitate intermodal, door-to-door merchandise transportation.
The railway is mostly used for transporting large volumes of goods to the main ports and borders. Air transport of goods is going through a difficult period due to the lack of infrastructures and the price of fuel.