: Free trade agreements with the European Union, North America, the European Free Trade Association, and trade agreements with Mercosur, the Northern Triangle, Japan and Israel.
The country have signed a trade agreement with 21 other countries in the São Paulo Round of the Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP).
For further information, consult the Mexican Trade Agreements
Mexico is part of the Pacific Alliance
Non tariff barriers
: Since Mexico joined the GATT in 1986, there are less products that are subject to an import license. For the products that are still regulated, a permit must be obtained from the Ministry of the Economy
. There is still a large number of particular conditions for textile products. About 10% of imported goods are checked in detail, especially in the automobile, chemical, pharmaceutical, metallurgical and agricultural sectors.
Origin regulations, allow goods to benefit from reductions of duty taxes (especially for textiles). However these rules have become more rigorous since Mexico signed the North America Free Trade Agreement
NAFTA or TLCAN (in Spanish) .
The Annex 401 refers to the origin regulations which is part of the country's national legislation.
Average Customs Duty (excluding agricultural products)
: In 2006, the average tax rate, according to UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), was of 11.5%. It is a very high rate, when compared to the tax rate applied in other emerging countries such as Brazil, China and Russia.
You can consult the Tariff information system via Internet
Customs classification: Mexico participates in the Harmonized System of Goods Classification's.
: The importing agent is in charge of handling all the formalities and he requests the authorization to allow customs clearance. It is advised to work with experienced importing agents.
The agent must present an import requisition (issued by the Ministry of the Economy), as well as a commercial invoice, a bill of lading, an exemption permit, and a certificate establishing the origin of the goods so that the corresponding taxes and duties can be applied.
General import taxes depend on the tariff bracket in which the imported goods are classified, in conformity with the Tariff of the General Import and Export Taxes Law or the Mexican Tax Allowance Table proposed in the free trade treaties. For tax purposes, all Mexican importers must apply and be listed on the “Padrón de Importadores” maintained by the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (Hacienda).
Mexico has developed “Sectoral Promotion Programs” (PROSEC) that aims to reduce or eliminate tariffs on several sectors. The gradual elimination and reduction of import duties will conclude in 2013 and the tariff structure will have six basic rates: 0%, 5%, 7%, 10%, 15% and 20%.
In the case of medical devices and health care products, in addition to complying with applicable standards, foreign manufactured products need to have a legally appointed representative/distributor in Mexico and be registered with the Secretariat of Health.