Sweden - Selling and buying
Reaching the consumers
Generally speaking, Sweden has followed the same pattern of evolution as other Western countries over the last 20 years, i.e. the appearance of huge shopping malls located on the outskirts of towns, whose growth is to the detriment of the retailers situated in the city center. Distribution remains very structured and dominated by a few large groups, but there are a large number of specialized retailers offering more top of the range goods. The Swedish market often serves as a bridgehead for reaching the Scandinavian markets and the Baltic countries. Many European companies are present in this competitive market.
- Ica Sveridge AB ( Ahold group) 1883 outlets.
Axfood AB, 883 outlets, it is specialized in "soft discount", i.e. very large discount stores.
Coop Sveridge AB(KF), 879 outlets, it is losing market share.
But a new group has appeared, the Bergendalhs group, 139 outlets.
The non-food sector is dominated by Swedish groups mainly (H&M in clothing or Ikea in furniture). However, new foreign brands are setting up progressively in Sweden (Mango, Zara in clothing).
Market access procedures
Member of the European Economic Area which guarantees, since 1 January 1993, the free movement of most goods between European countries.
Multilateral agreements and bilateral agreements with many countries.
Moreover, for sanitary reasons, as regards the presence of Genetically Modified Organisms, if they are allowed in Europe, their presence must, for example, be systematically specified on packaging. It is also prohibited to import beef fed on hormones. The BSE crisis (called "mad cow disease") has encouraged the European authorities to reinforce phytosanitary measures to ensure the quality of meat entering and circulating in EU countries. The principle of precaution is now more widely favored: in case of doubt, import is prohibited until the non- noxiousness of the goods is proved.
The Common Customs Tariff (CCT) of the European Union is applied to goods from outside the EU. In general, duties are not very high, especially for industrial products (4.2% on average).
As part of the "SAFE" standards advocated by the World Customs Organization (WCO), the European Union has set up a new system of import controls, the "Import Control System" (ICS), which aims to secure the flow of goods at the time of their entry into the customs territory of the EU. This control system, part of the Community Program eCustomer, has been in effect since January 1, 2011. Since then, operators are required to pass an Entry Summary Declaration (ENS) to the customs of the country of entry, prior to the introduction of goods into the customs territory of the European Union.