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Romania - Economic overview

Contents extracted from the comprehensive atlas of international trade by Export Entreprises

General economic indicators

20102011201220132014
GDP (billions USD)16518316918419
GDP (annual % change, constant prices)-12122
GDP per capita7.688.547.948.638.94
General government balance-5-3-2-1-1
Inflation rate66353
Current account (billions USD)-7-8-7-4-5
Current account (annual % change)-4-5-4-2-2
Unemployment rate77777

Agriculture

20092010201120122013
Value added (annual % change)-3-513-22-
Value added (in % of GDP)7676-
Value added (in % of total employment)2932929-

Industry

20092010201120122013
Value added (annual % change)-42-2-1-
Value added (in % of GDP)38424342-
Value added (in % of total employment)3292929-

Services

20092010201120122013
Value added (annual % change)-8-325-
Value added (in % of GDP)5452552-
Value added (in % of total employment)41414342-

Exchange Rate

20092010201120122013
Exchange Rate33333

Foreign trade in figures

20092010201120122013
Imports of goods54.3262.1376.4870.2173.4
Exports of goods40.5749.563.0157.8265.83
Imports of services10.18.19.479.2210.14
Exports of services9.778.7510.0510.7313.63
Imports of goods and services (annual % change)-21121-1-
Growth rate of exports of goods and services (in %)-61411-3-
Trade Balance-12.04-11.88-12.53-11.46-
Current account-7.3-
Share of foreign trade in GDP67778585-
Share of imports of goods and services in GDP37414545-
Share of exports of goods and services in GDP313544-

Exchanged goods

FDI in figures

20082009201020112012
FDI inward flow13.9094.8442.942.5232.242
FDI stock67.9172.00870.26471.34474.171
Performance Index*, ranking on 141 economies15/18126/18136/18188/181
Potential Index**, ranking on 141 economies65/141--39/177
Number of Greenfield investments***291314915
FDI (in % of GFCF****)2112755
FDI (in % of GDP)3344433842
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